British Waterfowl Association

Eurasian Wigeon

Oil painting of Eurasian Wigeon
Eurasian Wigeon pair — oil painting by Philippa Mitchell
Eurasian Wigeon duck — Morag Jones

Eurasian Wigeon are exclusively vegetarian, and do best where they have access to grazing — the short, stubby beak is ideally suited to cropping grass. They make excellent lawnmowers, so are ideal for keeping lawns in an enclosure short and neat.

Eurasian Wigeon grazing
Eurasian Wigeon grazing — David Tomlinson

Mareca penelope

Subtle rather than showy, the Eurasian Wigeon is a duck that winters in great numbers in Britain, with most of our visitors travelling to us from Iceland, Scandinavia and Russia. It is a highly social species, found in flocks of hundreds or even thousands of birds. In contrast to its winter abundance, it is a scarce nester, restricted mainly to the Scottish Highlands and islands and to high pools in the Pennines.

50–60% of the UK’s wintering population is found at ten or fewer sites, so it is considered localised. The UK holds 20–30% of the European wintering population, so it is considered to be of international importance. For these reasons this species is Amber-listed in Britain.

Drake Eurasian Wigeon
Eurasian Wigeon, drake — Edward Giles
Snoozing Eurasian Wigeon in the rain
Eurasian Wigeon — Gordon Speirs

It is a close relation of the American and Chiloé Wigeons. Like those birds, it tends to be a pleasing yet unobtrusive member of a wildfowl collection, seldom aggressive and happiest in the company of other wigeon. The drake has a wonderful, far-carrying whistle — wheeooo — contrasting with the duck’s growling quack.

Eurasian Wigeon — David Tomlinson

Eurasian Wigeon will hybridise readily with American Wigeon, so should not be kept together in the same enclsure. Occasionally wild hybrids are seen, like this one below, caught in Scotland in late winter.

wild hybrid Eurasian x American Wigeon
Hybrid Eurasian x American Wigeon — Ewan Weston BTO

Ring Size


This size is only a guide. Please read more about ringing here.


Wigeon breed readily in captivity, producing a clutch of between 7 and 12 creamy eggs in late May or June. The incubation period is 24 to 25 days.


British Trust for Ornithology, BirdFacts, Wigeon Mareca penelope.

Harteman, J. Harteman Wildfowl Aviaries, Eurasian Wigeon.